Alcohol And Substance Abuse Essay

Alcohol And Substance Abuse Essay-44
Binge drinking is associated with individuals reporting fair to poor health compared to non-binge drinking individuals and which may progressively worsen over time.Alcohol also causes impairment in a person's critical thinking.Alcohol is the most significant health concern in Native American communities because of very high rates of alcohol dependence and abuse; up to 80 percent of suicides and 60 percent of violent acts are a result of alcohol abuse in Native American communities.

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A person's ability to reason in stressful situations is compromised, and they seem very inattentive to what is going on around them.

Social skills are significantly impaired in people suffering from alcoholism due to the neurotoxic effects of alcohol on the brain, especially the prefrontal cortex area of the brain.

Globally, alcohol consumption is the seventh leading risk factor for both death and the burden of disease and injury.

In short, except for tobacco, alcohol accounts for a higher burden of disease than any other drug.

The social skills that are impaired by alcohol abuse include impairments in perceiving facial emotions, difficulty with perceiving vocal emotions and theory of mind deficits; the ability to understand humour is also impaired in alcohol abusers.

A smaller volume of consumed alcohol has a greater impact on the older adult than it does on a younger individual.Alcohol use disorder (AUD) reportedly most often affects young men (aged 18–24 years) of lower socioeconomic status.In the DSM-IV, alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence were defined as distinct disorders from 1994 to 2013.Signs of alcohol abuse are related to alcohol's effects on organ systems.However, while these findings are often present, they are not necessary to make a diagnosis of alcohol abuse.The skin of a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis can feature cherry angiomas, palmar erythema and — in acute liver failure — jaundice and ascites.The derangements of the endocrine system lead to the enlargement of the male breasts.Surviving infants may suffer severe abnormalities such as abnormal eyes, fissures, lips and incomplete cerebella. It is even possible that the baby throughout pregnancy will develop heart defects such as ventricular septal defect or atrial septal defect.Adolescence and the onset of puberty have both a physiological and social impact on a developing person.As a result, the American Geriatrics Society recommends for an older adult with no known risk factors less than one drink a day or fewer than two drinks per occasion regardless of gender.Alcohol abuse is significantly associated with suicide and violence.


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