These two very important instances of bloodshed served to evoke the spirit of American patriotism all over the colonies (Olsen, 10).
The Second Continental Congress met on May 10, 1775 and George Washington was elected commander of the patriotic forces.
The citizens of the middle colonies were especially unenthusiastic about the revolution (Ward, 78).
Among those who did support a change in the government structure, not everyone who joined the movement favored violence.
The main reason the colonies started rebelling against 'mother England' was the taxation issue.
The colonies debated England's legal power to tax them and, furthermore, did not wish to be taxed without representation.
This was one of the main causes of the Revolutionary War.
The Revenue Act of 1764 made the constitutional issue of whether or not the King had the right to tax the thirteen colonies an issue, and this eventually "became an entering wedge in the great dispute that was finally to wrest the American colonies from England" (Olsen, 6).
Paine's writing convinced many of his countrymen to disown the monarchy and replace it with a republic (76-77).
"As long as Americans deluded themselves with the hope that they could be free and yet remain British subjects, Paine believed that the cause of liberty was doomed" (Miller, 463).