Parents therefore asked the court to allow them to remove their children from schooling following the eighth grade. The justices decided that having their children attend state schooling would substantially compromise the cultural integrity of the Amish community.The Court further thought that state interference to force Amish children to go to public schools was not warranted.Whether or not the individual wishes to be associated with the first kind of culture is of little consequence; for example, people who are born Chinese are part of that culture whether or not they wish to actively partake in the group’s beliefs and practices.
The word usually applies to ethnicity and race—for example, African American culture or German culture—but more contentiously, it may apply to groups of individuals who share traits or similar beliefs, for example, the gay culture or the Christian culture.
Pluralism describes a situation in which the diversity among the cultures of different groups is an accepted part of a civil society.
France has taken a firm stance: All conspicuous religious symbols are banned in schools. France wishes to uphold the civic republican tradition through the concept of laïque—the separation of church and state—and to actively promote the national civic republican traditions of the political public sphere.
Further, through the concept of laïque, the aim is that students will be more able to shed their family’s identity at the door and to explore alternative beliefs and traditions within the safe confines of the school. interpretation of the separation of church and state.
Cultural pluralism is a widely used term that has application to and relevance for education.
Culture can be defined as a common set of values, beliefs, and social practices, as well as the group of people who share that similar identity.
Mutual identification by its members is a key element in these groups.
Members identify with people who share a common interest or aim and with other people who feel a reciprocal commitment and attachment.
There is a concept of “equal exclusion”: All individual cultures are excluded within the school setting. While religion is not explicitly (at least officially) taught in public schools in the United States, students may wear religious symbols into schools as an aspect of “equal inclusion”: All individual cultures are equally welcome.
In some cases, the rights of parents to raise their children within a particular culture come into tension with the obligations of a state to protect the future autonomy of children.