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Including a list of Works Cited at the end of an essay is not enough.Learn how to cite the use of a source in the text of your paper.Find a citation management tool to help you keep track of and organize various references for a paper or project.
When there are more than two authors, they are referenced as such: (Smith, Jones, et al, 179). Although a quote from an expert can add impact to your essay, in most cases you should try to either paraphrase or summarize the information, using citation to reference your source.
However, when you do use direct quotations, follow these rules: If you make a change in the quotation, such as an underline or bold text in part of the quotation, note it in parentheses after the quotation.
2 When a book has two authors, order the authors in the same way they are presented in the book.
The first given name appears in last name, first name format; subsequent author names appear in normal order (first name last name format).
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Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.When you are gathering book sources, be sure to make note of the following bibliographic items: the author name(s), other contributors such as translators or editors, the book’s title, editions of the book, the publication date, the publisher, and the pagination.The 8edition of the MLA handbook highlights principles over prescriptive practices.Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. Retrieved from page with no date: In-text citation Establishing regular routines, such as exercise, can help survivors of disasters recover from trauma (American Psychological Association [APA], n.d.). In-text references should always precede punctuation marks. Author's name in parentheses: One study found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic (Gass & Varonis, 1984).For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. Training strategies for improving listeners' comprehension of foreign-accented speech (Doctoral dissertation). Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Retrieved from Web page with no author: In-text citation The term Nittany Lion was coined by Penn State football player Joe Mason in 1904 ("All things Nittany," 2006). Reference entry American Psychological Association. Author's name part of narrative: Gass and Varonis (1984) found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic.More information on citing sources without pagination is given on the APA Style web page. For example: This suggests that familiarity with nonnative speech in general, although it is clearly not as important a variable as topic familiarity, may indeed have some effect.Example paragraph with in-text citation A few researchers in the linguistics field have developed training programs designed to improve native speakers' ability to understand accented speech (Derwing, Rossiter, & Munro, 2002; Thomas, 2004). That is, prior experience with nonnative speech, such as that gained by listening to the reading, facilitates comprehension. 77) APA style has specific rules for citing works by multiple authors.Note: When using multiple authors' names as part of your narrative, rather than in parentheses, always spell out the word and.For multiple authors' names within a parenthetic citation, use &.Essentially, a writer will need to take note of primary elements in every source, such as author, title, etc. Thus, by using this methodology, a writer will be able to cite any source regardless of whether it’s included in this list.Please note these changes in the new edition: Author. Title of container (do not list container for standalone books, e.g.