However, the problem is that bacteria have evolved complex defense systems to protect against foreign intruders -- especially foreign DNA.Current genetic engineering approaches often disguise the human-made DNA as bacterial DNA to thwart these defenses, but the process requires highly specific modifications and is expensive and time-consuming. Christopher Johnston and his colleagues at the Forsyth Institute describe a new technique to genetically engineer bacteria by making human-made DNA invisible to a bacterium's defenses.Scientists can identify pathogenic genes through genetic engineering.
Writing a genetic engineering research paper is practically the same as writing any research paper.
It follows the same guidelines without deviating from the general rules.
In theory, the method can be applied to almost any type of bacteria.
Johnston is a researcher in the Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and lead author of the paper.
It could be about genetically modified crops – to be consistent with our previous example.
Next is to present a methodology on how the writer will go about collecting and analyzing these sources.
By removing the motif, the human-made DNA becomes essentially invisible to the bacterium's defense system.
"Imagine a bacterium like an enemy submarine in a dry-dock, and a human-made genetic tool as your soldier that needs to get inside the submarine to carry out a specific task.
To start, the writer must have really good material.
That is, relevant primary and secondary sources on the specific topic under the subject.