By concentrating on the parts, we develop our understanding of the poem’s structure, and we gather support and evidence for our interpretations.
The speaker notes that the city is silent, and he points to several specific objects, naming them only in general terms: “Ships, towers, domes, theatres, and temples” (6).
After describing the “glittering” aspect of these objects, he asserts that these city places are just as beautiful in the morning as country places like “valley, rock, or hill” (8,10).
According to UNC ‘s Professor William Harmon, the foolproof way to begin any explication is with the following sentence: Such a beginning ensures that you will introduce the major conflict or theme in the poem and organize your explication accordingly. A student’s explication of Wordsworth’s “Composed upon Westminster Bridge” might begin in the following way: This poem dramatizes the conflict between appearance and reality, particularly as this conflict relates to what the speaker seems to say and what he really says.
From Westminster Bridge, the speaker looks at London at sunrise, and he explains that all people should be struck by such a beautiful scene.
In this way, the poet forges a tension between meter and rhythm: does the word remain contained by the structure, or do we choose to stretch the word out of the normal foot, thereby disobeying the structure in which it was made?
How To Write A Essay About A Poem
Such tension adds meaning to the poem by using meter and rhythm to dramatize certain conflicts.
Some of the most common patterns include the following: Meter (from the Greek metron, meaning measure) refers principally to the recurrence of regular beats in a poetic line.
In this way, meter pertains to the structure of the poem as it is written.
However, because the first five words are monosyllabic, we may choose to read the line differently.
In fact, we may be tempted, especially when reading aloud, to stress the first two syllables equally, making the opening an emphatic, directive statement.