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By March 1630, 17 ships funded by the Massachusetts Bay Company left London to establish a new colony led by a one-time lawyer named John Winthrop.The Puritans, under Winthrop, agreed that they would establish a city on a hill, an example of good behavior and religious purity for the whole world and especially for the Stuart monarchs in England.
The Puritans believed that God had formed a unique covenant, or agreement, with them.
They believed that God expected them to live according to the Scriptures, to reform the Anglican Church, and to set a good example that would cause those who had remained in England to change their sinful ways.
On the contrary, servants will confront every challenge to meet their needs, even though God had forbidden sexual intercourse outside of marriage.
For instance, they may sneak out of their master's house to meet another companion. On the other hand they may stay home and have sexual intercourse with another servant.
Between 16, nearly 9,000 Puritans migrated to the colony.
The Puritan migration was much more rapid than any other group migration in the colonies at the time.
Once they arrived in New England, the Puritans established towns and farms.
Most Puritans settled in towns near their extended families and created churches and schools.
Throughout the early 1600s, the Puritans attempted to reform the Anglican Church with very limited success.
The Stuart monarchs, who ruled England, were disinterested in reforming the Church or in limiting Catholic religious influences.