Research Papers On Ganga Water Pollution

Research Papers On Ganga Water Pollution-50
From this, with the state of Indian infrastructure in 2005, the available water resource through the rivers is about 1869 billion cubic meters.Accounting to uneven distribution of rain over the country each year, water resources available for utilization, including ground water, is claimed to be about 1122 billion cubic meters.

From this, with the state of Indian infrastructure in 2005, the available water resource through the rivers is about 1869 billion cubic meters.

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A 1992 World Health Organization study reported that out of India's 3,119 towns and cities, just 209 have partial sewage treatment facilities, and only 8 have full wastewater treatment facilities.

Downstream, the river water polluted by the untreated water is used for drinking, bathing, and washing.

The scientific analysis of water samples from 1995 to 2008 indicates that the organic and bacterial contamination is severe in water bodies of India.

This is mainly due to discharge of domestic waste water in untreated form, mostly from the urban centres of India.

A 1995 report claimed 114 Indian cities were dumping untreated sewage and partially cremated bodies directly into the Ganges River.

A large number of Indian rivers are severely polluted as a result of discharge of domestic sewage.The Chennai River Restoration trust's efforts to clean the Cooum, Adyar rivers in Chennai and civil society efforts spearheaded by organizations like Environmentalist Foundation of India (E. I) to clean lakes and ponds in the country are seen as significant development towards water conservation.A joint study by PGIMER and Punjab Pollution Control Board in 2008, revealed that in villages along the Nullah, fluoride, mercury, beta-endosulphan and heptachlor pesticide were more than permissible limit (MPL) in ground and tap water.The waste water generated in these areas normally percolates into the soil or evaporates.The uncollected waste accumulates in the urban areas causing unhygienic conditions and releasing pollutants that leach into surface and groundwater.The United States is the largest supplier of treatment equipment and supplies to India, with 40 percent market share of new installation.At this rate of expansion, and assuming the government of India continues on its path of reform, major investments in sewage treatment plants and electricity infrastructure development, India will nearly triple its water treatment capacity by 2015, and treatment capacity supply will match India's daily sewage water treatment requirements by about 2020. The Ganga rejuvenation efforts by the union government, the Yamuna clean up are some of the government initiated efforts.Much of this water is unsafe, because pollution degrades water quality.Water pollution severely limits the amount of water available to Indian consumers, its industry and its agriculture.In 2010 the water quality monitoring found almost all rivers with high levels of BOD (a measure of pollution with organic matter).The worst pollution, in decreasing order, were found in river Markanda (490 mg/l BOD), followed by river Kali (364), river Amlakhadi (353), Yamuna canal (247), river Yamuna at Delhi (70) and river Betwa (58).


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