Review Of Related Literature About Smoking In The Philippines

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The indicators included lifetime cigarette smoking, age of initiation of cigarette smoking, current cigarette smoking, current use of other tobacco products, likelihood of never smokers to initiate smoking in the next year, exposure to secondhand smoke, tobacco education, exposure to tobacco images in media and advertising, cessation efforts, and access to tobacco.

All differences noted are statistically significant (p M Miguel-Baquilod, MD, Philippines Dept of Health.

This report presents findings from the GYTS conducted in the Philippines in 20, which revealed substantial declines in the proportions of students aged 13-15 years who currently smoked cigarettes, currently used other tobacco products, were likely to start smoking in the next year, or were exposed to secondhand smoke in public places.

The findings also indicated an increase in the proportion of students who supported bans on smoking in public places, had learned about the dangers of tobacco use in school, and had seen antitobacco messages in media and advertising.

The executive order, signed this week and made public on Thursday, forbids the use of tobacco, including electronic cigarettes, in all public spaces, even sidewalks.

It also prohibits anyone under 18 from “using, selling or buying cigarettes or tobacco products.”More than a quarter of Filipinos smoke, according to a 2015 World Health Organization report, including 11 percent of minors.The World Health Organization’s Global Tobacco Epidemic report in 2015 estimated that 11.8 percent of Filipinos ages 13 to 15 used tobacco. It said that only a few governments appropriately taxed tobacco products, a “proven, low-cost measure to curb demand.”The W. Small neighborhood stores in the Philippines commonly sell single cigarettes even to minors, who often say they are running errands for their elders. The nationwide measure, known as Executive Order 26, is similar to the near universal smoking ban Mr.Duterte put in place in Davao City in 2002, when he was the city’s mayor. Duterte quit cigarettes and drinking decades ago, when he was found to have two rare conditions, Barrett’s esophagus and Buerger’s disease.The school response rate was 90.0% in 2000 and 99.3% in 2003; the student response rates were 88.7% and 85.4%, respectively; and the overall response rates (i.e., school rate multiplied by student rate) were 79.7% and 84.8%, respectively.This analysis compared the 20 survey results by using several indicators of tobacco use.All students attending school in the selected classes on the day the survey was administered were eligible to participate.In 2000, a total of 11,630 students completed the GYTS, and in 2003, a total of 7,478 completed the survey.GYTS uses a two-stage, cluster-sample design that produces representative samples of students in grades associated with ages 13-15 years.In the Philippines, this age range is covered by the second, third, and fourth years of secondary school; the GYTS sampling frame included all secondary schools containing these grade levels.


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