High milk yield cows must be given 1kg of concentrate in 2.5ltr of milk yield.If a cow yields 10 ltrs of milk then scintifically they should be provide with 4 kg of concentrate with mineral mixture.It is also required for the good health of the cattle.
Ideally every 13 months cow should be calving, then only our farm production will grow.
Lactation period should be of 300 days and service period must be of 90-120 days. After three four attempt of mating if cattle is not conceiving then there is a fertility issue or may be some genital problems are there so special medicine should be given.
Just before 3 month, calving cow should be given challenge feeding i.e giving fodder as much as they can feed it so that there would be a proper growth of calves and its udder.
As we know the prolactin hormone is responsible for milk production and oxitocyn hormone is for milk ejection or secretion.
In general mating or insemination is done after every 3 months of calving.
Indian breed takes approx 30-35 months in reaching maturity phase whereas high yield cows HF or jersey cross breed reaches maturity at 15-18 months and its ready for mating.Iodine and mineral mixture supply must be increased to minimize the mineral deficiency.Pregnant cows should be given special attention and there must be adequate amount of concentrate and mineral mixture should be given during gestaion period of cows.Shed should be in some elevated area to avoid rainfall water to come inside. The floor must be made of bricks and cement with proper inclination so that the urine or excrete can drain easily.Proper Drainage system should be there to drain the urine on either side of the shed to avoid the stagnation.In fodder management we should know that there are three types of fodder what we give to the cattle.Green fodder :- green fodder play vital role in animals health as it provides the essential nutrients required for good milk yield.I prefer Head to Head Arrangement because it costs less as compare to tail to tail arrangement.In this arrangement feeder or menzer is one in between the shed.We must have surplus area of land preferebly 2 acre for 15 cows for green fodder cultivation.Mineral mixture :- It is essential that minerals concentrate given to the cattle to overcome the mineral deficiency.