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Step 2: Solve the equation created in the first step.This can be done by first multiplying the entire problem by the common denominator and then solving the resulting equation. Example 2 – Tom and Jerry have to stuff and mail 1000 envelopes for a new marketing campaign. If Tom helps, they can get the job done in 4 hours.Identifying and solving equivalent equations is a valuable skill, not only in algebra class, but also in everyday life.
This can be done by first multiplying the entire problem by the common denominator and then solving the resulting equation. Click Here for Practice Problems Example 5 – Triplets, Justin, Jason, and Jacob are working on a school project.
Justin can complete the project by himself in 6 hours, Jason can complete the project by himself in 9 hours, and Jacob can complete the project by himself in 8 hours.
Worked-out word problems on linear equations with solutions explained step-by-step in different types of examples. Solution: Then the other number = x 9Let the number be x. Therefore, x 4 = 2(x - 5 4) ⇒ x 4 = 2(x - 1) ⇒ x 4 = 2x - 2⇒ x 4 = 2x - 2⇒ x - 2x = -2 - 4⇒ -x = -6⇒ x = 6Therefore, Aaron’s present age = x - 5 = 6 - 5 = 1Therefore, present age of Ron = 6 years and present age of Aaron = 1 year.5. Then the other multiple of 5 will be x 5 and their sum = 55Therefore, x x 5 = 55⇒ 2x 5 = 55⇒ 2x = 55 - 5⇒ 2x = 50⇒ x = 50/2 ⇒ x = 25 Therefore, the multiples of 5, i.e., x 5 = 25 5 = 30Therefore, the two consecutive multiples of 5 whose sum is 55 are 25 and 30. The difference in the measures of two complementary angles is 12°. ⇒ 3x/5 - x/2 = 4⇒ (6x - 5x)/10 = 4⇒ x/10 = 4⇒ x = 40The required number is 40.
There are several problems which involve relations among known and unknown numbers and can be put in the form of equations. Sum of two numbers = 25According to question, x x 9 = 25⇒ 2x 9 = 25⇒ 2x = 25 - 9 (transposing 9 to the R. S changes to -9) ⇒ 2x = 16⇒ 2x/2 = 16/2 (divide by 2 on both the sides) ⇒ x = 8Therefore, x 9 = 8 9 = 17Therefore, the two numbers are 8 and 17.2. A number is divided into two parts, such that one part is 10 more than the other. Try to follow the methods of solving word problems on linear equations and then observe the detailed instruction on the application of equations to solve the problems.
To solve this, you need to find "x" for each equation.
If "x" is the same for both equations, then they are equivalent.
How long would it take the triplets to complete the project if they work together?
In this case, there are three people so the equation becomes: Step 2: Solve the equation created in the first step.
The equations are generally stated in words and it is for this reason we refer to these problems as word problems. If the two parts are in the ratio 5 : 3, find the number and the two parts.
With the help of equations in one variable, we have already practiced equations to solve some real life problems. Solution: Let one part of the number be x Then the other part of the number = x 10The ratio of the two numbers is 5 : 3Therefore, (x 10)/x = 5/3⇒ 3(x 10) = 5x ⇒ 3x 30 = 5x⇒ 30 = 5x - 3x⇒ 30 = 2x ⇒ x = 30/2 ⇒ x = 15Therefore, x 10 = 15 10 = 25Therefore, the number = 25 15 = 40 The two parts are 15 and 25. Then Robert’s father’s age = 4x After 5 years, Robert’s age = x 5Father’s age = 4x 5According to the question, 4x 5 = 3(x 5) ⇒ 4x 5 = 3x 15 ⇒ 4x - 3x = 15 - 5 ⇒ x = 10⇒ 4x = 4 × 10 = 40 Robert’s present age is 10 years and that of his father’s age = 40 years.